The air quality inside a residential or commercial building may be greatly affected when there is a detected mold environment growing inside, especially when the molds are of the airborne species, as they are a common source of allergen and can be the primary cause of health problems for the building residents, such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, and, in serious condition, asthma attack. Water leaking constantly in a building and has not been given immediate remedial action for a long period of time may result into dampness in the indoor environment and the existence of mold growth. The natural function of molds is to decompose organic matter, especially matters that are no longer living; therefore, when they are found growing inside a building establishment, their natural function takes an adverse effect on decomposing materials inside the building, such as wood, porous objects, drywalls, and carpets.
Mold inspection is a necessary building maintenance procedure to evaluate on the following objectives: check if the building has the presence of molds; identify the kind of mold species inside a building establishment; locate where the mold population is growing; test for the indoor air quality by scientifically measuring the amount of mold spores present in the air; and post-check if molds have been completely removed inside a building.
Conducting a mold inspection follows these 5 important procedures: interviewing of building owner or caretaker; conducting an ocular inspection; taking samples; having the samples analysed; and reporting.
A mold inspector will usually conduct first an interview to get as much information needed for him to conduct his next step of inspection and the information that he will most likely ask are about the humidity condition inside the building, whether there has been a leaking problem existing in the roof or plumbing fixtures, have the occupants smell some kind of moldy odor, or has there been a detected mold population growth inside the structure.
As soon as the mold inspector completes his interview with the homeowner or building caretaker and quickly studying the information he has gathered in the interview, he proceeds to the next step which is conducting an ocular inspection to pinpointed areas where there are likely presences of mold growth, using various tools to confirm the presence, such as a hydrometer to check on the humidity of the room, moisture meter to determine the presence of moisture, borescope to view wall sections, laser thermometer to evaluate the actual heat composition of the surface, and digital camera to record graphically the mold growth presence.
The mold inspector proceeds with the third step of taking air samples, outside and inside the building, using a special air collector device that has the design of specifically collecting airborne mold spores and which can, at the same time, provide conclusive results of the spore counts, giving the inspector an idea if the air quality inside the building is of health risk or not.
The mold inspector brings the air samples taken in the building to a professional analyst to determine the population of mold spores for every cubic meter of air sample and to also determine the kind of mold specie found in the building.
The final step is the written report of the inspector presenting photos of the mold growth, spore level and type and his conclusions and recommendations for the removal of the molds.